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  • Faithful to my Homeland, the Republic of Poland

     

  • MINING

  • Poland: history of mining

    The earliest evidence of mining in Poland dates back to 3500 BC when flint was mined by Neolithic tool makers. In Krzemionki Opatowskie, there is one of the world’s best preserved flint workings (3500-1200 BC). This is also one of the most valuable archeological sites in Europe.

    In the fourth century BC iron ore started to be mined in the Silesian Upland and the Swietokrzyskie Mountains. At the same time quarries of construction and ceramic materials (stones, clays etc.) appeared in various parts of the country, as did lead, copper, silver and gold mines in Silesia and Malopolska.

     

    Coal mine 6000 years ago

     

    In the Middle Ages mining rock salt in Bochnia and Wieliczka near Cracow was an important industry. The mines were royal property and under the dynasties of Piasts and Jagiellons provided one-third of the state’s income. Salt money was spent on maintaining the royal court, castles that protected trade routes, the army and the Cracow Academy (today’s Jagiellonian University) founded in 1364 by King Casimir the Great.

     

     

     

    Modern mining in Poland

     

    In the coal mining industry of Poland there are currently about 100 thousand employees. They are not only miners. Polish companies such as Kopex, Famur, Glinik and others  produce modern equipment for the extinction, enriching, gasification of coal. Famur has a subsidiary company in Calcutta, Kopex is active in mining modernization in India. They work closely together with Universities and scientific institution such as the University of Science and Technology in Cracow, the Central Mining Institute, Institute of Chemical Processing of Coal and others. The financing of Polish equipment export or introducing of Polish technologies and know how to India can be performed via the state owned Bank Gospodarstwa Krajowego.

    Please find below several modern coal mining equipment from Poland:

     

    Longwall systems

     

     

    Longwall shearers

     

    Powered roof supports

     

    Conveyer systems

     

     

    e-coal mining

     

     

    Future of coal mining in Poland

    According to the “Energy Policy of Poland to 2030”, coal is expected to remain the main fuel for electricity generation, but a general reduction of energy consumption by industry and a 19 % share of renewables by 2020 are targeted. Nevertheless, electricity consumption in 2030 is expected to increase by 30 %, gas consumption by 42 % and petroleum products consumption by 7 %.

     

    Prime Minister Beata Szydło declared on  February 22nd 2016 the  that coal would remain a pillar of Poland’s energy mix.

     

     

     

    Poland’s energy mix in 2009 and 2030 according to Warsaw University of Technology

     

    The recoverable reserves of developed deposits of polish coal are enough for 60 and more years. The map below convinces us of bright prospects of coal mining in Poland:

     

     

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